A Metamorph Perfection…………..
Indonesian old artefacts hold sacral religious purposes. Angklung, likewise, originated from Indonesia and had the same purposes in ancient era. Considered as magical religious medium, the voices of angklung were equal to the voice of Dewi Padi (Goddess of Rice). Therefore, in this era, angklung was sacral instrument and held only by special people for ritual ceremonies. Nevertheless, angklung already had it purposes transition through the ages.
In the era of Islamic Kingdoms in Indonesia, angklung was a typical entertainment music instrument and also played its part as Indonesian soldiers’ fighting spirit booster. Therefore, in mid 19th century, angklung was restricted in West Java by the rule of The Dutch Empire. They were apprehensive about angklung’s great effects on Indonesian people. Angklung allowed only for children and beggars. In this era, angklung never been profane.
Daeng Soetigna, teacher from kuningan, concerned about angklung declination and tried to reprise angklung back to its former level. He learned how to make angklung from Aki Jaya, an illiterate who mastered Sundanese traditional music in Kuningan. Daeng also developed angklung in diatonic scale. This kind of angklung has two or three tubes of bambu and commonly comes in small-sized form. In the contrary, the former traditional pentatonic scale angklung usually came in four tubes of bamboo and big-sized form.
In 1968, Daeng Soetigna’s students aroused angklung in Sundanese folksongs with some alteration. It was not asn easy task to popularized angklung. But sue to his believe that it is important to preserve this precious ancient musical instrument, Daeng kept trying and he finally succeeded in taking angklung to its initial high place and used in important national ceremonies. Angklung has passed its sacral era, so we’re able to hear and play angklung anywhere, anytime. This kind of angklung Padaeng, taken from Daeng Soetigna’s name. In Indonesia, nowadays, angklung is part of education in elementary and high schools and usually played in orchestral form.
Source : KPA-ITB